Scoring your Credit - How's your FICO?
Because we live in an automated, it's probably not that surprising that your creditworthiness boils down to a single number.
All the years you've been paying your various bills: your mortgage, vehicle payments, and credit card bills can be analyzed, sliced, spindled and mutilated into a single indicator of whether you're likely to meet your future obligations.
Each of the three credit agencies has its own formula for building your credit score. The original FICO was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While the formulas vary from one agency to another, the differences aren't huge; they all use the following in building your credit score:
- Credit History - Have you had credit for many years, or for a short time?
- Payment History - Do you pay your bills on time?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many accounts do you hold? How much do you owe on your accounts?
- Inquiries on Your Credit - How many times have lenders pulled your credit for the purpose of giving you a loan?
Each of these factors is assigned a value and a weight. The result is one number. FICO scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher is better. Most borrowers getting a mortgage loan score 620 or above.
Not just for qualifying
FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Improving your score
What can you do to raise your FICO score? Unfortunately, not much. Because the FICO score is based on a lifetime of credit history, it is hard to make a significant improvement in the number with quick fixes. You should, of course, remove any incorrect reporting from your credit report, which is the only way to quickly improve your credit score.
Know your FICO score
To improve your score, you've got to have the credit reports that are used to build it, and of course, you need the score itself. Fair Isaac, the company that invented the first FICO credit score, sells FICO scores on myFICO.com. For a reasonable fee, you can get your FICO score from all three reporting agencies, along with your credit report. Also available are information and online tools that can help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a free credit report once per year from the three major credit reporting agencies by visiting AnnualCreditReport.com. While this report does not include a free credit score, the cost to "upgrade" your report to include a credit score is very reasonable.
Now that you have all the facts, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the right mortgage for you.
Want to know more about your credit score? Call us at (207) 571-8034.