How's your FICO Score?
Since we live in an computer-driven society, it should come as no surprise that your ability to repay your mortgage loan boils down to a single number.
All the years you've been paying your various bills: your mortgage, vehicle payments, and credit card bills are analyzed, sliced, spindled and mutilated into a single indicator of whether you're likely to meet your future obligations.
The three agencies use slightly different formulas to build a credit score. The original FICO was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, all of the agencies use the following to determine your score:
- Credit History - How long have you had credit?
- History of Payments - Do you have any payments later than 30 days?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many credit card accounts do you have, and how much do you owe on them?
- Requests for Credit - How many times have lenders pulled your credit report for the purpose of lending you money?
Each of these factors is assigned a value and a weight. Each formula produces a single number which varies slightly from one agency to another. Credit scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher is always better. Most home buyers will likely find their FICO scores above 620.
Your score greatly affects how much you pay in interest every month
Did you know? FICO scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Improving your score
What can you do to improve your FICO score? Unfortunately, not much. Since the score is entirely based on your lifelong credit history, it's very difficult to significantly improve the score with quick fixes. You must, of course, appeal for the credit agency to remove any incorrect data from your credit report; this is really the only way to quickly improve your credit score.
Know your FICO score
Before you can improve your credit score, you must know your score and make certain that the credit reports from each agency are correct. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. It's inexpensive to quickly get your FICO score from all three reporting agencies, along with your credit report. They also provide helpful information and online tools that help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report once per year from the three major credit reporting agencies by visiting AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting one is fast and inexpensive.
Now that you have all the facts, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the right mortgage for you.
Curious about credit scores? Call us: (207) 571-8034.