Scoring your Credit - How's your FICO?
Since we live in an automated society, it's not surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage boils down to just one number.
All the years you've been paying your various bills: your mortgage, vehicle payments, and credit card bills can be analyzed, diced, spindled and mutilated into a single indicator of whether you're likely to meet your future obligations.
Each of the three credit reporting agencies has its own formula for building your credit score. The original FICO was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, each agency uses the following to determine a score:
- Credit History - How many years have you had credit?
- Payment History - Have you paid more than 30 days late?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many accounts do you hold? How much do you owe on your accounts?
- Credit Inquiries - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
These factors are weighted slightly differently depending on the formula being used. Each formula produces a single number which may vary a a little from one agency to another. FICO scores range from 300 to 800. Higher scores are better. Most home buyers will probably find their credit scores falling above 620.
Credit scores make a difference in interest rates
FICO scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Higher scores indicate you are a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Can I raise my FICO score?
What can you do to raise your FICO score? Very little in the short term. So called "credit repair" companies advertise quick fixes, but the FICO score is formulated from your lifetime credit history, so you can't turn it around right away. You must, of course, remove any incorrect reporting on your credit report, which is the only way to quickly improve your credit score.
How do I find out my FICO score?
Before you can improve your score, you have to know your score and ensure that the credit reports from each credit reporting agency are correct. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. It's inexpensive to quickly get your FICO from all three reporting agencies, along with your credit report. Also available are helpful information and online tools that can help you improve your FICO score.
You can get a free credit report every year from all three agencies by visiting AnnualCreditReport.com. While this report does not include a free credit score, the cost to "upgrade" your report to include a credit score is very reasonable.
Armed with this info, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the most favorable mortgage.
Want to know more about your FICO score? Call us: (207) 571-8034.